What is a diet without FODMAPs ?
Who is it for ?
Some digestive symptoms may be related to the ingestion of carbohydrates, which are carbohydrates found in many foods. The regime without FODMAPs proposes to discard them.
In industrialized countries as a whole, it is estimated that 10-20% of the population – with a high prevalence of females – suffer from functional colopathy, causing gas, bloating, pain and digestive cramps. For a long time, gluten and lactose have been blamed. It was only in 2005 that FODMAPs were suspected of contributing to the development of these disorders and that the FODMAP-free diet was introduced.
Who created it ?
The FODMAPs free diet was developed by an Australian nutritionist to relieve many intestinal disorders and more particularly the irritable bowel syndrome or IBS (constipation, gas, bloating of the stomach, diarrhoea, cramps …). Because unfortunately we do not always find the cause of these. Following this diet would therefore help to relieve them.
What FODMAP means ?
The term FODMAP is an acronym for : Fermentable Oligo, Di, Monosaccharides And Polyols. Translation, they are small carbohydrates, very little absorbed by the small intestine and therefore very difficult to digest. This lack of absorption results in fermentation, responsible for the distension of the colon itself, which is the cause of the famous bloating. Problem: there are many foods rich in FODMAPs and each individual has a specific sensitivity to the different FODMAPs.
How does it works ?
Quite simply by reducing or eliminating so-called FODMAP-rich foods from their diet. These foods would naturally contain sugars that are not easily digested by our bodies. The aim of the FODMAPs-free diet is therefore to identify foods that are poorly digested by a patient and to discard them in order to regain good digestive comfort.
However, note that they are not dangerous to health but may be poorly digested in some people.
This is not a diet to lose weight, however. It is called the “FODMAPs-free diet” because of the dietary restrictions associated with it. But the ultimate goal of this food program is to provide a solution to a medical problem.
Evictions has to be carried out with a specialist
The so-called FODMAP-free diet therefore consists of eliminating them for 4 to 6 weeks and one study has observed, notes Dr Pauline Jouët, an improvement in symptoms in 70% of patients with irritable bowel syndrome. However, in some studies, this effectiveness appears to be similar to that of standard dietary advice. In any case, this diet must be carried out with a dietician as it can lead to weight loss and dysbiosis. In case of improvement, attempts will be made to reintroduce foods containing FODMAPs as the long-term consequences of their avoidance are not known.